So, if you are naming the process, is because you are going to tell something about it, something collateral about some phase(s) of the process instead of just talking about the action. There are two verbs. The knife was too blunt to cut the string. How many verbs are here? Be going to + infinitive A Present continuous Be going to + infinitive s 5SAMOS be going to INFINITIVO PARA HABLAR DE PLANES FUTUROS INTENCIONES Y DECISIONES TOMADAS ANTES DEL MOMENTO DE HABLAR Frank is worried about his weight. Look at the explanations and exercises below. Put in the verbs in brackets in the Gerund or the to-infinitive. = work that must be done. Verb 1. want and Verb 2. sleep. In particular, reproduction of any or all of these pages for use on another website
1) Here, we know that the plan for the person is to go to London for a business trip, but we don't know anything about what will happen afterwards because it is not something that has already happened. The child was too small to reach the switch. He’s going to do more exercise. 4. I'm going to go and … Gerund or Infinitive. Are you going to come to the party tonight? The weather forecast says that it will rain tomorrow. They're going. Before we look at like + verb-ing, we need to learn about infinitives. The two tenses have separate meanings but overlap when we speak about prediction. The verb be is conjugated. You are certain that sth. Use of the going to-future 1.1. planned actions in the future. We use 'going to + infinitive' to talk about intentions or decisions for the future: I've made my decision. We use the to-infinitive after certain adjectives: able unable anxious: due eager keen: likely unlikely ready: prepared willing unwilling: Unfortunately, I was unable to work for over a week. John: Really? The to-infinitive is used following a large collection of different verbs as well. The going-to idiom, used to express futurity is a semi-modal verb that consists of a form of the copula verb be, the word going followed by the word "to", for instance is going to.Like other modals, it is followed by the base infinitive of the main verb (compare with "ought to".) apartment with Melanie.♦ Pedro is going to revise his English all evening.♦ I'm going to watch the match on television. An infinitive that acts as the object of another verb is sometimes known as a verb complement. ♦
to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive. We use a form of to be (am, are or is), going to and the infinitive of the verb. To be going to + infinitive and ‘will + infinitive’ have similar meanings when used for prediction. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the In very informal spoken English, going to is sometimes shortened to gonna. The ceremony is about to begin! ; things that should be done: What am I to do? Look at these examples: Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Remember that intransitive verbs do not take direct objects, so you will only find infinitives used as the objects of transitive verbs. Main content: To be going to Other contents: Infinitive of purpose and place in a town Add to my workbooks (19) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp How do we form the going to-future? Examples 4.1. She's going. They are going to get married. Going in the continuous as a future (or present!) In this worksheet, students review the structures 'will + infinitive', 'going to + infinitive', 'used to + infinitive' and the past perfect tense. See this page about verbs followed by infinitives. Here are more examples: we decided to get the red car (infinitive) One reason is that if the verb 'move' has a prepositional phrase that goes with it, it goes after 'move'. The lesson is suitable for classroom practice, grammar testing or self-study/homework. Hurry up! However, climbing is when you are referencing the process like naming the process. It's going … In the US, when speaking, we usually say "go +bare infinitive" such as "I go play football on the weekend" except we don't say it when it is in third person singular such as "he goes play football." An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. I prefer to set a time limit, then, when the activity is over, I like to practice the taught language in a more realistic context based on the students own ideas. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive: the perfect infinitive, the perfect continuous infinitive, the continuous infinitive, & the passive infinitive. It started raining.or It started to rain. We use used to + infinitive to talk about a past situation that is no longer true. The two tenses have separate meanings but overlap when we speak about prediction. Having troubles teaching BE GOING + INFINITIVE (VERB)? John Smith worked in local government for five years, then went on to become a Member of Parliament. ” to” can be used at the beginning of a sentence. Task No. Use infinitive… It is going to rain tomorrow. "Do you have a minute?" Going to + Inf. The decision was made before speaking. 1. a prediction based on something we can observe. 2. I can't imagine Peter (go) by bike. The to infinitive can be used to express purpose or necessity after a verb followed by a pronoun or a noun. Please note that the activities in this section are for elementary level students, and correspond to level A2 from the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. We have already made a decision before speaking. Look at the explanations and exercises below. Infinitive Examples. or Don’t bother to wait for me. That I'm going to do that action and it's all. It is often used with just: Hurry up! To learn the differences between "be going to" and "will/shall" click here. In the free exercises, you can practise your English grammar. Many thanks for all your encouraging messages. Marina A. 3. PLANS and INTENTIONS : Pick one of the cards from the charades game and write the words from it … Nothing that comes after the word TO has anything at all to do with the continuous present of go used as a future in the OP's sentences. I had been going to fix the car for ages. I'm going to quit smoking. How to Stress Go + ing Correctly. Be + to-infinitive is used to express:. ♦
Will + infinitive: Be going to + infinitive: A decision at the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. We use be going to to express: an intention; We are going to buy a new car. = I'm going to surprise you all one day. Form. Forming the infinitive. The future tense with will, also simple future, is used to express a spontaneous decision, a prediction or a fixed future arrangement. Example: The weather forecast says that it is going to rain tomorrow. The materials found on this website may be copied for use in the classroom or for private study. Infinitive or -ing?. This structure indicates either simple futurity or intention. You're going. Affirmative sentences in the going … 1615. The to infinitive is used as follows: after an adjective of quality such as small, tall, agreeable, pleasant, funny that is used in combination with too. In this section, we'll look at how to form the future simple using "going to" as well as when to use this tense. Affirmative sentences in the going t English Lesson Plan For Lower Intermediate Learners (A2) Planning My Weekend. Is she going to quit her job? Signal words. official arrangements: The Prime Minister is to visit India next month. It is going to rain. Adjectives with to-infinitives. It tells us that there was a repeated action or state in the past which has now changed. He was to find out years later that the car he bought was stolen." Example: The weather forecast says that it is going to rain tomorrow. To sleep is an infinitive. John: I know. It is not important for the students to finish the grid. The infinitive construct is used after prepositions and is inflected with pronominal endings to indicate its subject or object: bikhtōbh hassōphēr "when the scribe wrote", ahare lekhtō "after his going". What is an infinitive? Na szczęście nie ma tu większej filozofii, po prostu trzeba zapamiętać, że po tych słowach idzie -ing i już. BE GOING TO + infinitive without to. There are no rules to learn. © 1997-2021 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997. I’m not going … Example: They go on (read) the book. ; official orders: At the end of the course, all students are to take a written exam. purpose: I brought it to read on the train = so that I could read it. is going to happen in the future (logical consequence). We have already made a decision before speaking. Lesson Goals: At the end of this English lesson, the students should be able to use “be going to” in order to explain what their plans are for the future. to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive. Infinitive vs Gerund. The purpose, essentially is to practice the language. Infinitives. So, if you are naming the process, is because you are going to tell something about it, something collateral about some phase(s) of the process instead of just talking about the action. It is going to be more difficult than we thought. It is made using appropriate forms of the expression to be going to. Edit: It might help to contrast 'was/were + infinitive' with 'am/is + infinitive'. We are going to sing at the party. Going to is not a tense. To make a to -infinitive negative, the negative particle not is usually placed before the to (as in not to learn). Main content: Going to + Infinitive of purpose Other contents: Add to my workbooks (5) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp Here are some examples to make sure this is clear: I’m going to see a play tonight. Dochodzimy powoli do sedna sprawy. Learn to conjugate the fwill future with Lingolia’s online grammar lesson. Free materials and resources for learners of English. The verb sleep has the word TO before it. Ex: to buy, to work. The food problem is going to become severe. He agreed (buy) a new car. Signal words. John: I know. 3. “to + infinitive” and “in order to + infinitive” or “so as to + infinitive” express the same meaning when explaining purpose. Our prediction is based on present evidence. Will + infinitive: Be going to + infinitive: A decision at the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. no unambiguous ones. It is going to crash into the yellow one. The to-infinitive to indicate the purpose or intention of an action We have already made a decision before speaking. They will give you some ideas and guide you. Write the contractions when necessary: a) I (read) Twilight this summer. A collection of English ESL worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and English classes to teach about to, infinitive, to infinitive Formation. The to-infinitive is used in many sentence constructions, often expressing the purpose of something or someone's opinion about something. Twitter Share It's going to rain! Examples 4.1. used to. Mark wrong answers Replace wrong by correct answers Show all correct answers A decision before the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. In that case, I'll go and get some. A collection of English ESL worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and English classes to teach about be, going, to, be going to "I'm sorry, I'm just about to leave." We are going to sing at the party.. 1.2. Tense review 2 Intermediate (B1-B2) In this worksheet, students review the structures 'will + infinitive', 'going to + infinitive', 'used to + infinitive' and the past perfect tense. For example, only one of the following sentences is correct: I dislike to work late. Which one?!. The structure be going to is mainly used to talk about plans and intentions, or to make predictions based on present evidence. Look at the following sentences: I want to go; I enjoy going; The first one shows that after the verb want we use the infinitive (to go). ♦ I'm gonna
Be going to + infinitive A Present continuous Be going to + infinitive s 5SAMOS be going to INFINITIVO PARA HABLAR DE PLANES FUTUROS INTENCIONES Y DECISIONES TOMADAS ANTES DEL MOMENTO DE HABLAR Frank is worried about his weight. You are going to play handball. "1. In that case, I'll go and get some. It's going. or social media is expressly forbidden. necessity: There is work to do! Teaching English Grammar – Be Going To + Infinitive (A2) – Grammar Explained. Learn how to conjugate the future tense with going to in English grammar and get tips on its usage. In this sentence, 'was to' means 'was going to' or 'would'. "Be going to" Form and Usage We can express the future with "be going to + infinitive." I'm really tired. document.getElementById('wts2635').appendChild(wts); ♦ Emma is going to share an
I’m going to have a cup of coffee. To be going to + infinitive and ‘will + infinitive’ have similar meanings when used for prediction. A verb phrase made up of the particle to and the base form of a verb. no unambiguous ones. Introduce "going to” + infinitive verb Write on the top, left-side of the board “This weekend” (or “Next weekend”, depending on which day of the week it is). Look at those clouds. That I'm going to do that action and it's all. He is going to play handball. Template Design: Expression Web Tutorials & Templates. He’s going … to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive. Contrast with the zero infinitive (live, love, learn). We are saying what we think will happen. A decision before the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. It is formed with will + infinitive. However, climbing is when you are referencing the process like naming the process. Be about + to-infinitive refers to arranged actions that happen in the immediate future. Please note that the activities in this section are for elementary level students, and correspond to level A2 from the Common European Framework … Manchester United is going to win. When we use going in a phrase to talk about the future, the form is composed of three elements: the verb to be conjugated to match the subject + going + the infinitive of the main verb The weather forecast says that it will rain tomorrow. Generally speaking, the " going to +infinitive " construction often used to talk about future events that have already been decided 1) or predicted 2). Infinitives with and without to - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Look at these examples: In these examples, we had an intention or plan before speaking. Going to + Infinitive English Lesson Plan (A2) – Planning My Weekend. For example: 'I am to go to London for a business trip.' Answer: They go on reading the book. Hello Nuro, We don't normally use a negative infinitive of purpose. Look at these examples: We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. Verb + gerund. Affirmative sentences in the going to-future. 7 Secrets for ESL Learners - FREE download. Basically, these sentences are telling us what happened in the past but presenting it to us as if we were still at that point in time - except with knowledge of what happens afterwards. You are certain that sth. surprise you all one day! 1. You just have to get used to it.. Subject + be + going + to-infinitive. wts.async=true;wts.src='https://wts.one/1/2635/log6_2.js';
No dobrze. It's warmer today. Gerund and Infinitive – Exercise 1. I'm ready to go to bed. We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. She is going to play handball. Copyright Â© www.learn-english-today.com. is going to happen in the future (logical consequence). You could say 'so as not to' or 'in order not to' instead. This means the verb is in its infinitive form: to sleep. This tense is constructed with: be + going to + infinitive. Used to + infinitive and be/get used to + -ing look similar but they have very different uses. It is going to crash into the yellow one.. 2. Here are some examples: In these examples, the present situation (black sky, the time, damaged car) gives us a good idea of what is going to happen. to make a prediction about the distant, uncertain future; He will become a great engineer.. to offer our help to somebody or to make a promise; We will help you with your schoolwork.. to make a request; Will you lend me your laptop ?. SHOPping,; DANcing, ; HIking. Go on + to-infinitive means to do the next action, which is often the next stage in a process: After introducing her proposal, she went on to explain the benefits for the company. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Look at that car! We're going to miss the bus. However, with an added bonus of competition for extra motivation, as most games do. It's not grammatically correct, but it's a shortened way to say it. To say the go + ing structure more naturally, you want to stress it right.. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. The infinitive is the base form of a verb. Manchester United will win. Don’t bother waiting for me. We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. Please note that British English spelling is used on this website. The second highlights that after the verb enjoy we use the gerund (going). Any other use without permission is forbidden. The lesson is suitable for classroom practice, grammar testing or self-study/homework. The future tense with going to, also simple future, expresses a logical prediction for the future or an intention or plan which has already been decided. In the exercise: Complete with will or be going to. (An alternative description is that it uses the verb go in the progressive aspect, … It is most commonly used in conversational English. I'm going to go and get some when this TV … To be (not) + subject+ going to + infinitive E.g. John: Really? BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE We can express the future with BE GOING TO + infinitive. For example, to live, to love, to learn. ; a possible aim when saying what should be done to reach it: If you are to work here for more than three months, you must have a residence … In this case, think of “go” like any other auxiliary verb and treat it like a function word.. You’re going to stress the base form of the -ing verb: . Verb + Infinitive (to go) / Gerund (going): Learn English by Watching This Lesson on Verb Patterns (Free MP3 Download) Knowing whether to use the gerund or infinitive can be difficult. It's late so I don't think he's going to do his work tonight. The going-to future is a grammatical construction used in English to refer to various types of future occurrences. I am going to play handball. I want to sleep. Look at that car! All Rights Reserved. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise.